Glaucoma FAQs in Plano
Glaucoma is one of the most recognized eye diseases, and it is tested for routinely in comprehensive eye exams. However, many people know little about it other than that it's a disease and can cause blindness. To learn more about it, just read this FAQ:
What is Glaucoma?
This eye disease results in damage to the optic nerve. The damage is usually caused by a buildup of fluid inside the eye, which typically results from a lack of sufficient drainage. Since the eye normally produces fluid, pressure increases when it can't drain well enough.
Since the result of the disease is caused by nerve damage, it is possible to get it without the eye being overly pressurized.
What Causes this Disorder?
The exact cause of the most common trigger – pressure inside the eyeball - is not yet known. However, glaucoma caused by other conditions is sometimes easier to pin down. Tumors, infections, and injuries can all result in glaucoma.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma?
There are two main types of glaucoma, and their signs and symptoms are slightly different.
- Open-Angle Glaucoma typically develops slowly and without pain. It can cause a decrease in vision that is so gradual that you may not realize it is happening at first.
- Closed-Angle Glaucoma develops suddenly. The eye's drainage ducts get blocked without warning, and the spike in pressure causes you to have blurry vision, see halos around lights, and have pain and redness in the affected eye(s).
Who is at Higher Risk of Glaucoma?
People over the age of 40 are some of the ones at increased risk of glaucoma. There is also a possible hereditary component, so those with family members who have it are at higher risk. African-Americans are also at higher risk. Nearsightedness and diabetes are risk factors, as well. The more risk factors you have, the higher your chances of getting this disease.
Is Blindness Inevitable?
It used to be, but that isn't the case anymore. If diagnosed at an early stage, treatments can stop vision loss. When treatment is overly delayed (or isn't obtained at all), however, can progress to significant vision loss, and finally, blindness.
Contact Us Today
Because of the importance of early treatment with this disease, it is essential for you to get yearly comprehensive eye exams. Just make an appointment with us here at Eye Gallery in Plano, TX or Prosper, TX to get your checkup.